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Taking a Dive into Subatomic Particles


Hey kids! Have you ever wondered how everything is made in our world? For you, it may be bricks, wood, or glass, but that’s not what it actually is. It is something that is much, much smaller in size!

These things are called subatomic particles, which are the tiniest building blocks of everything we see and touch.

Let’s see what and how tiny they actually are!

 What are Subatomic Particles?

All of you might have seen a microscope or even used one in school or at home. Microscope is used to see things that we cannot see with the naked eye. Let’s say we have a super duper microscope that can see way smaller things than the normal one.

These are the types of microscopes that can be used to see inside the things we see in our world. On the first level, you can see atoms. Atoms are the teeny tiny dots that make up our world.

By looking more closely inside the atoms, you will find even tinier things. These things are called subatomic particles that make up the atoms. And atoms then make up our world.

Meet Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons!

Subatomic particles are of three types. They have names that are Proton, Neutron, and Electron. Let’s see what they are:

  • Protons:

    If you take an atom as a circle, protons are the ones that hang out in the center of an atom. This center is called the nucleus. So, you can say protons are in the nucleus of an atom, and they have a positive charge.

  • Neutrons:

    Neutrons are the neutral guys. This means they don’t have a positive or negative charge. They are also in the nucleus.

  • Electrons:

    Electrons are the particles that are found outside the nucleus. They keep revolving around the nucleus every time and stabilize the overall environment of an atom.

The Quarks

Hold on to your seats because we are going even tinier. Quarks are particles that are even tinier than protons, neutrons, and electrons. These subatomic particles are found inside protons and neutrons. You can say that quarks are building blocks of protons and neutrons, and they are the smallest pieces of a Legos puzzle.

You should also know that these tiny particles cannot be seen by microscopes. To see them, scientists use other machines called particle accelerators. These machines make particles go super fast and smash them together. This is how scientists learn about the subatomic world.



It was an amazing and incredible journey, right? We saw what are atoms, subatomic particles, and micro particles like quarks. We hope you will be happy after meeting protons, neutrons, electrons, and quarks. But remember, even though they’re small, they play a huge part in making up everything around us.

If you are a new mom reading this, this is quite a help for new mothers. Next time your child looks at your book, a cloud, or even a butterfly, tell them that inside those things are many teeny-tiny particles. These particles work together to make the world as wonderful as it is!


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